CARE Bangladesh Profile CARE is one of the world's largest international humanitarian organizations, committed to helping families in poor communities improve their lives and alleviate poverty. Founded in 1945, CARE is working across 87 countries to fight global poverty and marginalization.
CARE has been active in Bangladesh since 1949 with Bangladesh being one of the largest country offices of CARE. Prior to Bangladesh's independence in 1971- CARE Bangladesh's efforts mainly focused on disaster relief, school and pre-school feeding. Since 1974, CARE Bangladesh's development portfolio has included food security and livelihoods; health and nutrition; agriculture and natural resources; climate change adaptation; women's empowerment and reduction of violence against women; civil society strengthening; HIV/AIDS; disaster risk reduction and emergency response. Over the recent years, CARE adopted rights based programming to address the underlying causes of poverty to transform the lives and livelihoods of the poorest and marginalized, through amplifying their voices in securing their legitimate claims and entitlements.
CARE has also acquired a leadership position in private sector engagement by forging partnerships with 27 enterprises, centered on inclusive business models in the areas of market access, sourcing and aggregation; distribution systems; workforce engagement; and capacity building in inclusive business -to jointly address development challenges for people at the bottom of the pyramid.
CARE Bangladesh is currently implementing 35 projects in partnership with 36 implementing NGOs to improve food and livelihood security, promotion of gender equality and women empowerment, improve child health and nutrition to eventually reduce child mortality.
CARE Bangladesh's Vision We seek a world of hope, tolerance and social justice, where poverty has been overcome and people live in dignity and security. CARE International will be a global force and partner of choice in a worldwide movement dedicated to ending poverty. We will be known everywhere for our unshakable commitment to the dignity of people.
CARE Bangladesh's Mission CARE articulates its mission to strengthen the ultra poor and poor communities; and the marginalized in ways that influence public opinion, development practice, and policy at all levels. CARE Bangladesh utilizes its knowledge drawn from grass roots level while channeling CARE's global experience into purposeful relationships with civil society, government and the private sector.
CARE's Programming CARE Bangladesh will be implementing three long term programs in order to achieve significant impact in the lives and livelihoods of the targeted four impact population groups. This year a strategic decision was made to merge the fourth impact statement (people and communities most vulnerable to disaster and environmental change) as a cross cutting intervention through the remaining three.
The rationale behind the merger of the fourth impact statement is that, countries like Bangladesh (and therefore our program) will continue to face increased unpredictability from climate change, disaster risks and possibly anticipate new and emerging hazards. Therefore, resilience to hazards and natural disasters is a common need across all impact groups. CARE will need to embed resilience strengthening interventions across all three programs to capacitate our targeted impact population groups to absorb and adapt to increased shocks, address underlying causes of vulnerability and transform their lives in response to new hazards and opportunities.
We will now focus on strengthening climate change and build resilience across our programs including enabling CARE Bangladesh to better integrate its humanitarian and disaster risk reduction initiatives. This will be done by developing a climate change and resilience strategy and eventually harmonizing and integrating climate change and resilience streams across three different long term programming at CARE Bangladesh.
The current three impact statements are as follows:
1) The most socially, economically and politically marginalized women those who are physically, sexually and psychologically violated; high workload; malnutrition and suffering related to reproductive health with high maternal mortality; lack of self confidence; lower wage; controlled mobility; inability to protest.
2) The most marginalized group in urban areas those who cannot meet basic needs; unable to build and use assets; powerlessness and voiceless; unable to access to resources; face violence and terrorization.
3) Extremely poor people in rural areas those who have unmet basic food and health needs; not able to enjoy equal socio and economic rights; unable to cope with shocks; living with a combination of livelihood stresses and therefore dependent; not able to invest in future of children; and are in indebtedness.
|Period||Independence: Food and Emergency|
|1949||Delivered Aid packages to the East Pakistan.|
|1955||Distributed powdered Milk to Schools.|
|1962||Care opened its first office in Dhaka.|
|1962||School Midday Meal Program Fed 600,000 children daily.|
|1967||Distributed relief to flood victims and materials to build 3,000 houses.|
|1970||Distributed relief to Cyclone victims in the coastal areas.|
|Post-Independence: Beginning to Development|
|1971||Delta Housing Project trained Village Co-operatives workers to build 7,500 housing units.|
|1974||CARE signed Basic Operational Agreement with the Government of Bangladesh.|
|1974||Bangladesh's largest Integrated Food For Work Project started reconstruction/maintenance of rural earthen roads.|
|1976||Deep Tube well Irrigation and Credit Program started increasing agricultural productivity of the farmers owing lands near the Deep Tube wells.|
|1977||Kashimpur Agricultural Development project assisted disadvantaged peasant farmers to become self- sufficient by increased cash cropping of vegetables and food cropping of staples.|
|1979||Strengthened health care resources by tutoring rural health and family planning extension workers.|
|1980s : Many Current Programs Began|
|1980||Women's Development Project linked health instructions with Income Generating Activities.|
|1983||Rural Maintenance Program employed 61,500 destitute women to repair rural roads.|
|1985||Landless Owned Tube well Users' Support project trained land-less to operate Deep Tube wells.|
|1985||Women's Health Education project provided lessons to assist destitute women in RMP in improving their and their family's health.|
|1986||Training Immunizes in the Community Approach project strives to achieve universal child immunization.|
|1986||Local Initiatives for Farmer's Training project promoted bio-intensive homestead farming among marginal and land-less farmers.|
|1990s: Expansion & Diversification in Major Programs|
|1991||Delivered relief to more than a million cyclone victims in the coastal districts.|
|1991||Water, Sanitation and Hygiene project provided Deep/Shallow Tube wells, Ring well and Sanitary Latrine in the coastal areas.|
1991 Child Health Initiatives for Lasting Development Project promoted child survival
|1991||New Options for Pest Management project helped farmers managing rice pests without using toxic chemicals.|
|1992||Chittagong Homestead Agro-forestry project initiated activities in Cyclone damaged areas.|
|1993||Integrated Rice and Fish project promoted Rice/Fish Cultivation, Dike Cropping and Integrated Pest Management in rice.|
|1994||Integrated Food for Development Project promoted socio-economic development in rural Bangladesh through improved access to market and services by reconstruction of rural roads.|
|1994||INCOME Project ensures the economic security of the participating 30 small NGOs.|
|1995||CAGE-Aquaculture for Greater Economic Security project Promoted cultivation of fish in cage.|
|1995||Stopping HIV/AIDS through Knowledge and Training Initiatives project address the growing threats of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh.|
|1996||Greater Options for Local Development through Aquaculture Project promotes diversification of freshwater prawn farming systems.|
|1998||Water and Sanitation Partnership project changes hygiene behavior and mitigates arsenic.|
|1999||The Homestead Gardening projects promote the concept of homestead gardening with bio-intensive and low external input technologies.|
|2000||Integrated Food Security Program promotes and protects food and livelihood security of vulnerable groups in underdeveloped high-risk rural and urban areas.|
|2000||Polio Eradication Initiatives worked to eradicate polio from the 45 Thanas in Bangladesh.|
|2001||LIFE-NOPEST project works to improve the food security of food insecure households who depend primarily on agricultural production for their live hoods.|
|2001||CHT Children's Opportunities for Learning Enhanced Project will develop and promote a sustainable system of education in CHT communities.|
|2001||HIV program works to reduce the risk of transmission of STDs/HIV among high risk groups.|
|2001||CEPZ project started works with Chittagong Export Processing Zone workers to improve their living conditions.|
|2002: Shifting Towards Rights Based Approach|
|2002||RVCC project works to build local capacities to disseminate climate change information and forecasts and to extend proven grassroots techniques to include specific measures aimed at addressing impacts that will occur as a result of climate and environmental change.|
|2002||PHL project works to improve the quality of life through empowering community, building community's capacity to raise their voice, facilitating governance at the GOB and promoting stakeholder participation at upazila level health services facility.|
|2002||Manuser Jonno project is working for ensuring civil, political, economic and social rights and improving the security and well-being of poor women, men and children.|
|2002||Environmental, Sanitation, Hygiene and Water Supply in Urban Slums and Fringes (ESHWSUSF) Project works to reduce mortality, morbidity and malnutrition due to diarrhea and other water borne and water related diseases, among 1 million slum dwellers.|
|2003||Community Empowerment Project works for facilitating CHT people to build their capacity.|
|2004||Strengthening Household Ability to Respond to Development Opportunities (SHOUHARDO) works to sustainable reduce chronic and transitory food insecurity of 40,000 vulnerable households in 18 districts of Bangladesh by 2009.|
|2005||Food Security for Sustainable Household Livelihoods project will contribute to improvements in the livelihoods, especially the food security of targeted rural farm households, by increasing the ability, improving access and utilization of food by targeted household.|
|2005||Local Governance Program works at multiple levels to empower and strengthen the capacity of local government authorities and communities to enhance responsiveness of local institutions to the poor, especially women.|
|2005||Flood Risk Reduction Activities in Sunamganj District (FRRAS) project works to reduce flood risks and, thereby, achieve secured livelihood opportunities of the vulnerable and poor communities in four selected upazilas (sub-district).|
|2006||Adolescent's Women's Reproductive and Sexual Health Initiative (ARSHI) supported by the European Commission (EC), aims to decrease maternal mortality and morbidity of adolescent girls and women in Sunamganj district (Northwest of Bangladesh) in Sylhet division.|
|2006||Bangladesh Urban Development Initiative works on developing appropriate capacity for CARE Bangladesh to support co-ordinate programs to ensure both immediate needs and underlying causes of the urban poor are addressed in a sustainable way.|
|2006||Save Motherhood Promotion Project aims to make significant improvements in the maternal and neonatal health in the project areas.|
|2006||Partnership Brokering Project, supported by KATALYST Bangladesh, works to initiate partnership between private sectors and it's stakeholders, as a mean of encouraging businesses to be more socially responsible in Bangladesh.|
|2006||Establishing Community Support System (ECSS) project targets to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity through identifying and removing barriers, which lie between women and the EmOC (Emergency Obstetric Care) facilities. CARE Bangladesh along with the Bureau of Health Education and UNICEF has undertaken activities to establish a 30-community support group in six upazlias of six districts.|
|2006||Promoting Rights of the Disadvantaged by Preventing Violence Against Women (PROTIRODH) aims to reduce violence against women and reinforce the fulfillment of women's rights in four unions (lowest administrative structure) in rural Dinajpur, and among sex workers in Dhaka, Khulna, and Tangail cities in Bangladesh.|
|2007||Competitive Literacy Initiative (CoLI)-Education aims to provide functional literacy to the garment workers of a selected GAP factory in Bangladesh in pilot phase in order to raise their productivity and self-esteem and capacity to read and write .The pilot will benefit approximately 1,200 employees, primarily women, of the selected factory.|
|2008||NIRAPAD is a coalition set up by CARE Bangladesh in 1997 to focus on disaster response. Since 2008 the organization's strategy has been committed to knowledge networking, capacity building, awareness raising and humanitarian advocacy on disaster risk reduction and emergency response.|
|2009||SHOUHARDO I had significant success in reducing child stunting by 28 percent over 4 years. CARE's rights-based and livelihoods approach included a focus on women's empowerment: increasing women's decision-making power, freedom of movement, freedom from patriarchal beliefs and the likelihood earning of cash income. Empowering women meant thousands of children grew healthier and taller. This approach outperformed traditional food security programming focused solely on direct nutritional interventions.|
|2009||CARE contributed to the Campaign for Access to Khas land and Water bodies (common land_ resulting in a nationwide directive ensuring better access for poor and extreme poor families. Work continues in SHOUHARDO II and FSUP-H to actively promote effective implementation of these national policies and highlight the transformative benefits of access to Khas land and water bodies.|
|2010||CARE was a key part of the Citizens Initiative against Domestic Violence which actively drove the discussion forward on legislative reform. This was achieved by COVAW (Cost of Violence Against Women) undertaking analysis on the national cost of violence against women with SHOUHARDO I providing policy analysis and assistance with drafting the new law. This resulted in the Domestic Violence (Prevention & Protection) Act 2010. It provides legislative protection at the national level to all women affected by domestic violence in Bangladesh.|
|2011||The Community Support System (CmSS) was implemented in the four-year Safe Motherhood Promotion Project. The community led process proved effective in identifying issues and barriers that could affect healthy pregnancies and how the community could address these factors in accessing health services. A memorandum of understanding was signed in 2011 between CARE and government of Bangladesh with the intention of scaling up the CmSS approach through its community clinic initiatives.|
|2011||CARE promoted civic engagement for development through facilitating Natural Leadership groups that advocated on behalf of their own communities, resulting in better targeting of government social safety nets and resource allocation. The Botlagari Learning Initiative developed a pro-poor and inclusive local governance model through open-budget sharing and community participation in renewed Standing Committees at the Union Parishad level. Its success in making local government more transparent and accountable to the poor, has resulted in the model being replicated in several Union Parishads.|
|2012||CARE advocates for the rights of the garment workers in the RMG sector, who are mostly women and whose contribution to the national economy and struggles are often unrecognized. CARE believes that these women workers can only attain empowerment through sustained changes in terms of their agency and the structures and relationship they have interface with. In 2012 a documentary titled 'The Hands that Sew your Shirt' was developed by CARE France featuring CARE SEEMA project's work in promoting and protecting the rights of the female garment workers by improving their human condition and social position. Since 2012, the documentary has been screened to hundreds of policy makers and development practitioners in Bangladesh and Europe to advocate for the rights of the female garment workers and better working conditions in the RMG sector.|
|2013||In a continuation of CARE's work in strengthening the democratic process and inclusive governance model, CARE Bangladesh in partnership with the Daily Jugantar, ActionAid Bangladesh launched a countrywide pre-election campaign titled as "Citizens' Manifesto 2013-14" to influence the political parties for incorporating citizens demand in their election manifesto to be announced before the parliament election 2014.|